We have many potential clients in Papua New Guinea. Especially the small batch 1kg and 2kg roasting machines are very popular there, and it is a good market. By communicating and cooperating with them, we learned about this country and liked the country’s climate, environment, and so on. Hope to have the opportunity to visit customers there in the future. Today we will briefly introduce this country.
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is referred to as Papua New Guinea. Papua. There are two theories about its origin: one is that in 1526, the Portuguese Meneses sailed from Malacca to the Maluku Islands, but the sea wind blew the boat to an unknown land, people called this piece of land Papua. Derived from the Malay word tanahpepua, meaning “land of curly-haired people”. Another theory is that the early Portuguese arrived here and asked the local residents where they were, and they answered “Papua”, so they took the ethnic name of Papua as the place name. The ethnic name is derived from the Malay papuvah (curly hair) or pua-pua (dark brown). Refers to the hair and skin color of the Papuans, the main inhabitants of the island. New Guinea Island, also known as Irian Island. Also known as the capital of crocodiles (crocodile farming is extremely developed).
Papua New Guinea, referred to as PNG, is the largest island country in the South Pacific, located in the eastern half of New Guinea, bordering Indonesia to the west and the Solomon Islands to the east. The southern part is plains and lowlands, the southeastern coastal zone, the central part is the central mountain system, and the northern part is composed of several individual mountains. It has a rich and unique ecology of animals and plants, with about 6,500 species of native plants and 380 species of native birds. The island has many races but does not intermarry, and integration is not easy. More than 700 languages have been derived, making it the country with the most language families in the world. PNG is located between the equator and 10 degrees south latitude, with dense tropical rainforest, volcanic rocks in the north, coastal swamps in the south, and plateau terrain in the middle, with an altitude of 1200-2500 meters. It is a paradise for growing coffee.
Coffee growing patterns in Papua New Guinea
In 1892, Dutch sailors began to introduce coffee saplings to multiply and plant them in Rigo, Papua New Guinea. This is where the history of coffee officially opened. The commercial production of coffee in Papua New Guinea only officially started in the 20th century. Although it started relatively late, its unique volcanic soil, abundant and moderate rainfall, and primitive natural features together create excellent growth of coffee trees land. By 1908, Papua New Guinea had 180 acres of land planted with coffee.
Among them, 95% of the coffee is Arabica. The local coffee production is not large, and most of the coffee is produced on small farms, which are mainly produced in a small-scale farming model. Many farms clear land in forested areas, and some farms are deep in the forest, almost isolated from the outside world. The country’s coffee is grown at an altitude of 1300-1800 meters, so the quality is very high. Some small farmers will join local cooperatives to share the cooperative’s green bean processing equipment to reduce production costs.
Why is Papua New Guinea coffee always called “Little Blue Mountain”?
In 1931, Papua New Guinea introduced and planted the Typica variety from Jamaica. It belongs to the same lineage as the famous Blue Mountain coffee and is the main local coffee variety. Typica has an elegant flavor, but its constitution is weak, its disease resistance is low, and it is easy to be infected with leaf rust. The beans of Typica are larger, conical or thin-pointed, unlike the rounded beans of the Bourbon variety. Typica coffee has its unique quiet and clean flavor, as well as balanced characteristics, with a high degree of cleanliness.
What is “Bird of Paradise”?
Founded in 1950, Bird of Paradise Manor has been a pioneer in the local coffee industry for more than 60 years. It is located in the Waghi Valley in the Western Highlands of Papua, at a high altitude of about 1500 meters, with volcanic soil rich in minerals, cool climate, fertile soil, and abundant rainfall. Bird of Paradise Manor attaches great importance to ecological protection. In order to protect soil and water sources, it rejects the use of pesticides and insecticides and cares for the ecology and nearby birds. According to current records, there are more than 160 different species of birds in the Wahgi Valley, among which 90 species of birds come here to inhabit the Bird of Paradise Manor, including the national symbol of Papua New Guinea – the bird of paradise, which is a veritable bird paradise. Papua New Guineans view the beautiful bird of paradise as a bird of freedom and happiness, a “gift from the gods”.
Bird of Paradise Manor has been adhering to a high standard of planting and handling system for many years. During the harvest season from April to September every year, only fully ripe red coffee berries can be picked by hand, which makes the acidity and sweetness of the coffee berries perfectly balanced. At Bird of Paradise Manor, cupping tests are conducted every day to ensure that the plantation provides customers with the best coffee of consistent quality.
Coffee Styles in Papua New Guinea
Although Papua New Guinea borders Indonesia, it does not have the “rough” quality of Indonesian coffee but is balanced and clean. If Indonesian Mandheling is an old man with time, then Papua New Guinea is a refreshing and elegant beauty.
Papua New Guinea coffee is mainly washed, with a bright acidity similar to that of Central American coffee. After the coffee farmers harvest the ripe red coffee berries, they are sent to the manor’s own washing treatment plant for treatment. The local washing treatment in Papua New Guinea is different from that in Central and South America. Fermentation is washed three times with water, soaked for about 24 hours each time, and replaced with clean water to control the coffee flavor. Such a meticulous process not only brings out the rising fruit acid but also retains the long-lasting sweetness of the beans themselves.
Since Typica is a low-density green bean, in order to highlight its refreshing sour taste and fruity aroma, some roasters use medium roasting. In this way, you can not only drink the grapefruit sour aroma of the bird of paradise coffee beans itself but also feel the bright and juicy fruit taste, as well as the aroma of tea and cocoa in the middle and late stages.