The Heirloom of coffee generally refers to the ancient Arabica variety from Ethiopia, which is a general term for unclassified coffee beans. The Heirloom comes from the birthplace of coffee – the coffee forest in Ethiopia, where many wild and unmanaged coffee varieties grow naturally.
According to Ethiopian official statistics, there are as many as 15,000 coffee varieties here. It is difficult to carry out proper genetic classification under such a huge number, so it can only be summarized by the all-encompassing name of the Heirloom.
Ethiopian coffee varieties can be roughly divided into two categories: one is the local Heirloom, and the other is the JARC variety. The JARC variety was bred by the Jimma Agricultural Research Center (JARC), the federal agricultural research institution of Ethiopia, and has strong insect resistance and high yield. There are currently about 40 JARC varieties.
Just like most Ethiopian coffees, Ethiopian original varieties also have unique floral and fruity aromas, but due to a large number of varieties, the quality differences between different native varieties are still huge.
With the development of economy and trade, some wild varieties were brought to coffee farms for cultivation and processing and even traveled across the ocean to other producing countries for planting. However, due to differences in geographical environment, although they are all original species, they still have different flavors in different planting environments, and it will take a long time to confirm whether they have commercial value.
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