Most of the coffee in the world is planted and grown in the tropical and subtropical regions between the Tropic of Cancer (23°26′N- 23°26′S). This region is what we usually call the coffee belt/coffee bean belt.
Both Robusta and Arabica coffee are suitable for planting in the coffee belt. Robusta can grow in low-altitude areas, while Arabica coffee trees are mostly planted in areas with an altitude of 900-2000 meters, and they like the quiet wind. , Warm and cool, shaded growth environment. As a tropical economic crop, coffee has relatively high and stable temperatures, high and evenly distributed annual rainfall, and well-drained fertile soil, all of which are suitable conditions for planting coffee trees. The coffee belt covers more than 70 countries and regions in the world, of which more than 50 countries and regions have climate and other conditions that meet the needs of coffee bean growth, and they have become coffee-producing countries.
China’s coffee trees are mainly planted in Yunnan, Hainan, and Taiwan, with Yunnan having the highest planting area and output. They are all in the range of the coffee belt, and the climatic conditions are also suitable for the growth of coffee beans.
Of course, there are cases where coffee is grown outside the coffee belt. For example, Hawaii, its altitude is not high, but thanks to its unique island climate and fertile volcanic ash soil, it has become the only coffee planting place in a developed country, and the coffee beans it produces are of good quality.